15 Answers to Creationist Nonsense

• Views: 1,988

Six years ago Scientific American published an article titled: 15 Answers to Creationist Nonsense.

All of the points covered in their article continue to be raised today, as we’ve seen in recent LGF threads related to the theory of evolution, so this is a good chance to review; the definition of “theory” is the first of those 15 answers:

1. Evolution is only a theory. It is not a fact or a scientific law.

Many people learned in elementary school that a theory falls in the middle of a hierarchy of certainty—above a mere hypothesis but below a law. Scientists do not use the terms that way, however. According to the National Academy of Sciences (NAS), a scientific theory is “a well-substantiated explanation of some aspect of the natural world that can incorporate facts, laws, inferences, and tested hypotheses.” No amount of validation changes a theory into a law, which is a descriptive generalization about nature. So when scientists talk about the theory of evolution—or the atomic theory or the theory of relativity, for that matter—they are not expressing reservations about its truth.

In addition to the theory of evolution, meaning the idea of descent with modification, one may also speak of the fact of evolution. The NAS defines a fact as “an observation that has been repeatedly confirmed and for all practical purposes is accepted as ‘true.’” The fossil record and abundant other evidence testify that organisms have evolved through time. Although no one observed those transformations, the indirect evidence is clear, unambiguous and compelling.

All sciences frequently rely on indirect evidence. Physicists cannot see subatomic particles directly, for instance, so they verify their existence by watching for telltale tracks that the particles leave in cloud chambers. The absence of direct observation does not make physicists’ conclusions less certain.

Read the whole thing…

Jump to top

Create a Page

This is the LGF Pages posting bookmarklet. To use it, drag this button to your browser's bookmark bar, and title it 'LGF Pages' (or whatever you like). Then browse to a site you want to post, select some text on the page to use for a quote, click the bookmarklet, and the Pages posting window will appear with the title, text, and any embedded video or audio files already filled in, ready to go.

Or... you can just click this button to open the Pages posting window right away.

Last updated: 2015-09-11 10:11 am PDT

LGF User's Guide RSS Feeds

Help support Little Green Footballs!

Subscribe now for ad-free access!

Recent Pages
Ted Cruz: “I think the next speaker should be Mark Levin”
SIOUX CITY -- While campaigning for president in Sioux City Monday, Texas Sen. Ted Cruz weighed in on the turmoil surrounding the selection of the top Republican leader in the House. "I think the next speaker should be Mark ...

16 minutes ago
Views: 34 • Comments: 0
Tweets: 0 • Rating: 0
Confrontation With Black Partygoers Leads to Gang Charges for White Group
In an unusual legal maneuver, the district attorney in this suburb of Atlanta said Monday that he had won indictments against 15 supporters of the Confederate battle flag, accusing them of violating the state's anti-street-gang statute during a confrontation ...

1 hour, 24 minutes ago
Views: 59 • Comments: 0
Tweets: 0 • Rating: 0
I Stand With Planned Parenthood
One Reason for the Gender Pay Gap: You’re Speaking It - Pacific Standard
American women who work full-time make, on average, 78 cents for every dollar earned by their male counterparts. How do we account for this? A 2007 study pointed to a variety of factors, including the industries and specific occupations ...

3 hours, 38 minutes ago
Views: 82 • Comments: 0
Tweets: 0 • Rating: 0
Three Dead, More Than 20 Injured in Shootings, Stabbings in Israel - NBC News
At least three people were killed and more than a dozen injured in a series of stabbing and shooting attacks in Israel on Tuesday, officials said. Jerusalem Mayor Nir Barkat called on the Israeli government to "immediately implement drastic ...

7 hours, 44 minutes ago
Views: 161 • Comments: 1
Tweets: 0 • Rating: 1
Iran: trial of a prisoner of conscience for a hand shake
By: Keyvan SalamiIranian misogynic regime has arbitrarily sent Atena Farghadani, a young caricaturist, to court on October 3 to issue another verdict against her and bring her under added pressure.Entangled with crisis within the government as Iran deal aftermaths and ...

9 hours, 25 minutes ago
Views: 125 • Comments: 0
Tweets: 1 • Rating: -2
Biden, Ryan Face Decisions That Could Shape Politics for Years to Come
Mark HalperinBloomberg NewsOctober 12, 2015 Former rivals Vice President Joe Biden and Wisconsin Congressman Paul Ryan are facing looming decisions that will help shape the future of American politics. Neither Ryan, who is being pressured to run for House speaker, ...

10 hours, 52 minutes ago
Views: 109 • Comments: 0
Tweets: 0 • Rating: 0
Florida Man Reports Dead Body by Reenacting Hamlet
Alas, poor Yorick! I knew him, Horatio.. Shoppers at a Publix in Sebastian, Florida, called 911 Tuesday afternoon after spotting a homeless man carrying around an actual human skull. "He was using it as a puppet," said witness Nick Pecoraro ...

14 hours, 37 minutes ago
Views: 334 • Comments: 2
Tweets: 38 • Rating: 1
Alltime10s - 10 True Stories That Will Restore Your Faith In Humanity (Video)
Just thought I'd post something to cheer you guys up for a change. The world isn't all bad, thankfully. The youtube channel Alltime10s ( Its a channel that specializes in top ten lists as you might have guessed ) has ...

16 hours, 3 minutes ago
Views: 150 • Comments: 0
Tweets: 0 • Rating: 0
John Vreeland
Crowd of Football Fans in Dallas Egg On Shooter
Things to note: This was a weakly enforced gun-free zone. The story was put together from a few short reports. Alas there is no video. (Are fights at tailgate parties common?) So much for that "polite society" BS More cowbell: ...

1 day ago
Views: 281 • Comments: 0
Tweets: 0 • Rating: 0
William Lewis
Happy Birthday John Lennon
And now for something completely different... Today, Oct 9, 2015 would have been his 75th birthday. Thanks for the music, John.

3 days, 17 hours ago
Views: 376 • Comments: 0
Tweets: 0 • Rating: 2