Record number of Americans now poor or low-income
Squeezed by rising living costs, a record number of Americans — nearly 1 in 2 — have fallen into poverty or are scraping by on earnings that classify them as low income.
The latest census data depict a middle class that’s shrinking as unemployment stays high and the government’s safety net frays. The new numbers follow years of stagnating wages for the middle class that have hurt millions of workers and families.
“Safety net programs such as food stamps and tax credits kept poverty from rising even higher in 2010, but for many low-income families with work-related and medical expenses, they are considered too ‘rich’ to qualify,” said Sheldon Danziger, a University of Michigan public policy professor who specializes in poverty.
This is a MAJOR pet peeve of mine. It’s so stupid when a person or family making practically nothing is still considered too wealthy for some of these programs. We really need to re-evaluate the threshold on this stuff.
“The reality is that prospects for the poor and the near poor are dismal,” he said. “If Congress and the states make further cuts, we can expect the number of poor and low-income families to rise for the next several years.”
Congressional Republicans and Democrats are sparring over legislation that would renew a Social Security payroll tax cut, part of a year-end political showdown over economic priorities that could also trim unemployment benefits, freeze federal pay and reduce entitlement spending.
Robert Rector, a senior research fellow at the conservative Heritage Foundation, questioned whether some people classified as poor or low-income actually suffer material hardship. He said that while safety-net programs have helped many Americans, they have gone too far, citing poor people who live in decent-size homes, drive cars and own wide-screen TVs.
There’s that old conservative argument again. I don’t have a lot of money, but I do happen to own a flatscreen, an Xbox 360, a laptop and a smartphone. These items were all paid outright and in some cases bought second hand.
On top of that, where is written that the poor are entitled to NO LUXURIES whatsoever? If I was buying these kinds of things instead of using money to keep my lights on or food on my table that’s different.
“There’s no doubt the recession has thrown a lot of people out of work and incomes have fallen,” Rector said. “As we come out of recession, it will be important that these programs promote self-sufficiency rather than dependence and encourage people to look for work.”
Mayors in 29 cities say more than 1 in 4 people needing emergency food assistance did not receive it. Many middle-class Americans are dropping below the low-income threshold — roughly $45,000 for a family of four — because of pay cuts, a forced reduction of work hours or a spouse losing a job. Housing and child-care costs are consuming up to half of a family’s income.
States in the South and West had the highest shares of low-income families, including Arizona, New Mexico and South Carolina, which have scaled back or eliminated aid programs for the needy. By raw numbers, such families were most numerous in California and Texas, each with more than 1 million.
Not surprisingly, there are plenty of Americans struggling in BOTH Democratic and Republican states. This is not a partisan problem, it’s a national problem. It’s an American problem.
The struggling Americans include Zenobia Bechtol, 18, in Austin, Texas, who earns minimum wage as a part-time pizza delivery driver. Bechtol and her 7-month-old baby were recently evicted from their bedbug-infested apartment after her boyfriend, an electrician, lost his job in the sluggish economy.
After an 18-month job search, Bechtol’s boyfriend now works as a waiter and the family of three is temporarily living with her mother.
“We’re paying my mom $200 a month for rent, and after diapers and formula and gas for work, we barely have enough money to spend,” said Bechtol, a high school graduate who wants to go to college. “If it weren’t for food stamps and other government money for families who need help, we wouldn’t have been able to survive.”
I am currently working two jobs and although one does provide health insurance, my family is still having a tough time (though for the moment we are getting by, albeit barely).
One thing I noticed during a recent trip to Canada was how much more prominent the social safety net is up there and how much regulation (gasp!) helped soften the blow when the bottom fell out in 2008.
I have yet to figure out why Canadian politicians seem so much more sensible than American ones on these issues.