What causes people to kick, shove and even stab each other on Black Friday?
Each year there are reports of violence during the Black Friday sales. Last year, in Philadelphia - the City of Brotherly Love, no less - two families fought until one of the women ended matters with a stun gun. In a New Jersey Walmart, a belligerent shopper had to be pepper sprayed by police. And in Virginia, one man slashed another with a knife in an argument over a parking spot. This year, there are sure to be similar cases.
The reasons are primal.
We are all “hardwired” for violence under the right set of circumstances. Fortunately, those circumstances are rare (increasingly so), but do occasionally occur.
So what conditions set the stage for possible violence on Black Friday? The first is a valuable reward - something we are highly motivated to obtain. On Black Friday, the reward is a bargain. And people love bargains. In part, this is because we tend to view price reduction as a gain — as something for nothing. Consider that, shopping and saving at the very same time!
But getting a deal is also affirming, exciting, and allows us to enjoy products that would normally be out of our reach. People will wait overnight in freezing weather for the chance to get a good deal. They will also buy stuff they have absolutely no need for, simply because it is on sale. How many of us can look no further than the closet to see evidence of this?
That alone shouldn’t inspire people to violence though — a few more key ingredients are needed.
The second condition is competition. And the competition originates in the limited number of products that are typically offered at the most heavily discounted prices, the “door-buster” items. Not only are these items more desirable due to their larger discount, but there are typically only a small number of them available.
This means one shopper’s gain is another shopper’s loss, a psychological zero-sum game. Factor into that the sheer quantity of people waiting to rush once the doors open - last year Macy’s saw over 15,000 eager shoppers waiting to get in - and you have a level of competition like no other time of year.
Now we’re starting to talk about some classic violence-inducing conditions: massive competition for a very limited number of high-value resources. Our behavior, however, is also severely constrained by relevant social norms. That brings us to the third relevant condition: the presence or absence of norms that might promote or prevent violent behavior.
Overkill cubed. What is the source of all the fear? This is completely paranoid. Talk about stifling new enterprise, wow. This gives me a perfect example of government agency authority run off the rails. In time for Christmas too!
If you’re planning to shoot your next movie using a drone, beware: you may need to meet some stringent conditions to stay in the Federal Aviation Administration’s good books. Sources tell the Wall Street Journal that the agency will propose commercial drone rules that require a conventional pilot’s license. Yes, you may need to have flown manned aircraft for dozens of hours to even think of controlling a UAV for cash. You’d also have to fly only during daylight, stay under 400 feet and remain within sight of your craft, so any hopes of high-altitude night shots would go out the window. And these rules would apply to any drone weighing 55 pounds or less; small, easy-to-fly vehicles like 3D Robotics’ Iris+ and DJI’s Inspire 1 would be subject to the same demands as larger, more complex models.
So let’s look at what tis means.
Total Time: 40 hours minimum which consists of at least:
Dual: 20 hours minimum of flight training with an instructor on the Private Pilot areas of operation including:
3 hours of cross country flight training in a single engine airplane;
3 hours of night flight training in a single engine airplane, that includes at least:
a) 1 cross country flight of over 100 nm total distance; and
b) 10 T/O’s and 10 landings to a full stop with each involving a flight in the traffic pattern at an airport.
3 hours of flight training by reference to instruments in a single engine airplane; and
3 hours of flight training in a single engine airplane within the 60 days prior to the practical test.
Solo: 10 hours minimum of solo flying in a single engine airplane on the Private Pilot areas of operation including:
5 hours of solo cross country flying;
1 solo cross country flight of at least 150nm total distance with full stop landings at 3 points and one segment of at least 50nm between T/O and landings; and
3 T/O’s and landings to a full stop at an airport with an operating control tower.
Eligibility requirements: General.
To be eligible for a private pilot certificate, a person must:
(a) Be at least 17 years of age for a rating in other than a glider or balloon.
(b) Be at least 16 years of age for a rating in a glider or balloon.
(c) Be able to read, speak, write, and understand the English language. If the applicant is unable to meet one of these requirements due to medical reasons, then the Administrator may place such operating limitations on that applicant’s pilot certificate as are necessary for the safe operation of the aircraft.
(d) Receive a logbook endorsement from an authorized instructor who:
(1) Conducted the training or reviewed the person’s home study on the aeronautical knowledge areas listed in §61.105(b) of this part that apply to the aircraft rating sought; and
(2) Certified that the person is prepared for the required knowledge test.
(e) Pass the required knowledge test on the aeronautical knowledge areas listed in §61.105(b) of this part.
(f) Receive flight training and a logbook endorsement from an authorized instructor who:
(1) Conducted the training in the areas of operation listed in §61.107(b) of this part that apply to the aircraft rating sought; and
(2) Certified that the person is prepared for the required practical test.
(g) Meet the aeronautical experience requirements of this part that apply to the aircraft rating sought before applying for the practical test.
(h) Pass a practical test on the areas of operation listed in §61.107(b) of this part that apply to the aircraft rating sought.
(i) Comply with the appropriate sections of this part that apply to the aircraft category and class rating sought.
(j) Hold a U.S. student pilot certificate, sport pilot certificate, or recreational pilot certificate.
[Doc. No. 25910, 62 FR 16298, Apr. 4, 1997, as amended by Amdt. 61-124, 74 FR 42558, Aug. 21, 2009]
Anti-Gay Hate Preacher Accidentally Tweets 4,000 Followers Cartoon Clip of Him ‘Confessing’ to Be a ‘Homosexual Sodomite’
Adam Reakes Promotes Truth That Starbucks Markets Semen Laced Lattes http://t.co/RY06dEEb0I— James David Manning (@DrJamesDManning) November 20, 2014
Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel will step down from his position, a senior administration official confirmed to CNN Monday.
Hagel, who has served in this position since February 2013, was forced out by President Barack Obama, CNN confirmed from several sources.
White House officials, however, are portraying this as a mutual decision.
Administration officials said there were a series of discussions over the past several weeks with the President, initiated by Hagel. The talks covered a “broader discussion of national security for the next two years,” a defense official said.
He raised the ire of the White House in August as the administration was ramping up its strategy to fight the Islamic State, directly contradicting the president, who months before had likened the Sunni militant group to a junior varsity basketball squad. Mr. Hagel, facing reporters in his now-familiar role next to General Dempsey, called the Islamic State an “imminent threat to every interest we have,” adding, “This is beyond anything that we’ve seen.” White House officials later said they viewed those comments as unhelpful, although the administration still appears to be struggling to define just how large is the threat posed by the Islamic State.
How can you demonstrate or cite “Chilling effects” when quashing subpoenas? Perhaps every reporter needs to ask every unnamed source if they would be talking if they thought the reporter wouldn’t protect their identity as a pro forma question, and then someone needs to compile all of the john and jane Doe (1-9999) results.
Besides quantifying the results of numerous off the record sources, if the question were the pro forma start of every unnamed source interview, then individual reporters could also explicitly and honestly state that the source would not be talking without protection, and back that up with a quote.
Yes, there are arguments to be made from casebooks. But there is also data to gather and present showing how legal rules affect the flow of news to the public. In Google’s “right to be forgotten” case, that means cataloguing the take-down requests it receives. Over a period of years, a picture will emerge of knowledge the public can no longer easily access on the Internet because of the European Union’s ruling on the issue.
For reporters and editors seeking to prove the existence of a chilling effect, the challenges are in many ways more daunting because they are trying to demonstrate not what has been lost but what will not be published in the first place.
A methodological knot thus lies at the heart of this project
JERUSALEM — The Israeli cabinet on Sunday approved contentious draft legislation that emphasizes Israel’s Jewish character above its democratic nature in a move that critics said could undermine the fragile relationship with the country’s Arab minority at a time of heightened tensions.
The promotion of a so-called nationality law has long stirred fierce debate inside Israel, where opponents fear that any legislation that gives pre-eminence to Israel’s Jewishness could lead to an internal rift as well as damage Israel’s relations with Jews in other countries and with the country’s international allies.
The vote on Sunday also highlighted political fissures within the governing coalition amid increasing talk of early elections. The bill, a proposal for a basic law titled “Israel, the Nation-State of the Jewish People,” passed 14 to 6, with two centrist coalition parties opposing it. Parliament still has to approve the bill for it to become law.
These meetings are a normal part of the TV guest booking process, but they’re significant in this case because Wilson has not been seen in public since Brown’s death in Ferguson, Missouri on August 9.
Among the anchors who have met with Wilson are Matt Lauer of NBC, George Stephanopoulos of ABC, Scott Pelley of CBS, and Anderson Cooper and Don Lemon of CNN.
Since DDOS attacks are sometimes the battering ram used to facilitate a Data theft, it would be a good idea to update your passwords if you have an account.
The venerable web classifieds site, Craigslist, was knocked offline last night and is still not loading for some visitors. Local versions are redirecting for others. Users visiting the site yesterday evening were redirected to a site called Digital Gangster as a result of what looks like a DNS hijack.
Presumably unable to cope with the huge amount of traffic Craigslist itself receives, the Digital Gangster website itself is now inaccessible. The Digital Gangster forum was the source of a well-publicised Twitter hack in 2009 and the theft of Miley Cyrus photos from her Gmail account in 2008.
Craigslist’s domain record was modified yesterday, with the new domain name registrant listed as “steven wynhoff @LulzClerk”. @LulzClerk is a suspended account Twitter. Steven Wynhoff, meanwhile, does have a live Twitter account but it hasn’t tweeted since 2013.
We have seen Photoshop work in a browser, and it looked pretty good. “Streaming Photoshop” is Adobe and Google’s plan to bring the incomparable photo editor to Chrome OS and the Chrome Browser. We covered the original announcement, but we were recently given the chance to talk to Adobe about the project and see it actually working in a Chrome browser.
“Streaming Photoshop” is a Chrome App that you download from the Chrome store (provided you are whitelisted). The app opens in a window that looks just like a local version of Photoshop—there’s no browser UI of any kind. Photoshop lives on a computer in the cloud, and a video feed of it is streamed to the Chrome app. The app captures clicks and sends them to the server. It sounds like using it would be a clunky mess, but the whole process looked indistinguishable from a local install of Photoshop.
The primary purpose of Photoshop-in-a-browser is to get the app running on Chrome OS, which pretty much can only run a browser. Chrome OS has taken off as a competitor to Windows—the NPD’s last estimate put it at 35% of commercial notebook sales—but it lacks a few killer apps like Photoshop. The other benefit is that you can now run Photoshop on just about any computer without having to worry about RAM and CPU usage, since all the computer has to display is a video stream. Adobe says even the $200 Chromebooks on the market today should be fast enough to handle Streaming Photoshop.