The bias built into light meters, film, and cameras.
Kodak did finally modify its film emulsion stocks in the 1970s and ’80s — but only after complaints from companies trying to advertise chocolate and wood furniture. The resulting Gold Max film stock was created. According to Roth, a Kodak executive described the film as being able to “photograph the details of the dark horse in low light.”
Kodak never encountered a groundswell of complaints from African-Americans about their products. Many of us simply assumed the deficiencies of film emulsion performance reflected our inadequacies as photographers. Perhaps we didn’t understand the principles of photography. It is science, after all.
Through experience we adapted to film technology — analog and digital —that hadn’t adapted to us. We circumvented the inherent flaws of film emulsion by ensuring that our subjects were well placed in light; invested more in costly lenses that permitted a wider variety of aperture ranges so we could imbue our work with all the light we could; we purchased professional-grade films at faster speeds, or specialty films with emulsions designed for shooting conditions strictly indoor under fluorescent or tungsten light. We accepted poor advice from white photo instructors to add Vaseline to teeth and skin or apply photosensitive makeup that barely matched our skin’s undertones.
Consumers all know what price setting is, but do many workers know about wage setting? In this case several tech giants are accused of holding a “gentleman’s agreement” not to poach each other’s talent, which has the effect of keeping silicon valley wages for tech talent capped.
In its 2010 complaint, the Justice Department alleged that the companies had agreed to restrict the mobility of their skilled employees.
Without admitting any wrongdoing, the companies settled with the government and agreed not to enforce any agreement that refrained the companies from soliciting, cold calling or competing for employees from the other companies.
This deal failed, however, to ward off multiple civil complaints, which a federal judge eventually consolidated in the Northern District of California.
Software engineers in the class action claim that a poaching ban maintained stable internal salary structures at Adobe, Apple, Google, Intel, Intuit, Lucasfilm and Disney Pixar from 2005 to 2009.
More: Courthouse News Service
In 1997, Toyota caught its competitors by surprise with the revolutionary Prius, the first commercially successful gasoline-electric hybrid car. Now, the Japanese firm is trying to do the same with a technology that seems straight out of science fiction.
Toyota Motor Corp will next year launch a hydrogen-powered car in the United States, Japan and Europe. For now, people at Toyota are calling it the 2015 FC car, for fuel-cell.
Fuel-cell cars use a “stack” of cells that electro-chemically combine hydrogen with oxygen to generate electricity that helps propel the car. Their only emission, bar heat, is water vapor, they can run five times longer than battery electric cars, and it takes just minutes to fill the tank with hydrogen - far quicker than even the most rapid charger can recharge a battery electric car.
Canadian police have arrested a 19-year-old man and charged him in connection with exploiting the “Heartbleed” bug to steal taxpayer data from a government website, the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) said on Wednesday.
In what appeared to be the first report of an attack using a flaw in software known as OpenSSL, the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) said this week that about 900 social insurance numbers and possibly other data had been compromised as a result of an attack on its site.
The suspect, Stephen Solis-Reyes, was arrested at his home in London, Ontario on Wednesday and faces criminal charges of unauthorized use of computer and mischief in relation to data.
On Monday evening, Re/code wrote about the complicated set of rules that the FCC’s wireless bureau is hoping will be adopted for the TV spectrum auction that will take place in 2015. According to these restrictions, carriers with lots of spectrum like AT&T, Verizon, and Sprint could be prohibited from bidding on up to one-third of the auctioned-off spectrum in a given area, at least when the bidding in that area reaches a particular price.
The auction rules would dictate how many licenses a wireless company could purchase by creating two classes of spectrum licenses: restricted and unrestricted. According to Re/code, all companies would be allowed to bid on the available spectrum at first, generally in blocks of 5 MHz. Then if the bidding reaches a “threshold price,” 30 percent of the spectrum in that market would be reserved for smaller competitor companies.
Additionally, the FCC is looking to adopt new “spectrum screens” which would limit how much spectrum a wireless carrier could hold in a certain market. Under the rules, if a carrier tried to buy up more than a certain amount of spectrum in the market, that would trigger extra scrutiny at the FCC before the deal could go through. The upcoming availability of spectrum, combined with new rules for who can own it, has garnered a lot of attention.
Police Charge High School Student With Disorderly Conduct for Using an iPad to Prove He’s Being Bullied
Trigger-warning if you hate incompetent bureaucrats and the abuse of power.
Photography Is Not A Crime has flagged a story out of McDonald, Pennsylvania about a high school student whose attempts to prove he was the victim of bullying ended up landing him in front of a judge and charged with disorderly conduct.
According to reports, a high school sophomore at South Fayette High School had grown so sick of having teachers and administrators look the other way whenever he was being bullied that he decided to record some of the routine abuse with his iPad. When school administrators found this out, they took swift action — against him, not his bullies.
Officials at South Fayette High School allegedly told the student to delete the recording and threatened to have him arrested on charges of felony wiretapping. By the time the police arrived at the school, however, the student had already deleted the file.
This starts dry but it’s a very important discussion that drills down to both what’s currently wrong with our espionage and surveillance practice, as well as what is currently right. Excellent panel with the right credentials, experience, and knowledge, so please do take the time to watch this entirely.
The long-term viability of an unowned, open Internet remains in question. Any analysis of where the Internet is headed as a protocol and a platform must take into account the activities of both public and private entities that see the Internet as a source of intelligence — and a field of contention. Yochai Benkler, Bruce Schneier, and Jonathan Zittrain of the Berkman Center are joined by John DeLong and Anne Neuberger of the National Security Agency in a conversation moderated by Berkman Faculty Director Terry Fisher on the future of an open internet in the face of challenges to privacy in an unsecure world.
More info on this event here: cyber.law.harvard.edu
This talk was co-sponsored by: the Berkman Center for Internet & Society, the Harvard Law School American Civil Liberties Union, Harvard Civil Rights-Civil Liberties Law Review, National Security Journal, and National Security and Law Association.
When our machines talk about us what will they say, and how?
Do wirelessly enabled cars, sensors, and other devices need their own dedicated network, free from human-generated data packets?
Maybe so — there are a least a couple of companies betting that machines talking to other machines could use their own dedicated radio networks for M2M communication. M2M traffic generally travels over operators’ cellular networks, but some companies are now moving to develop dedicated networks for M2M communications. (See GSMA Predicts 250 Million M2M Connections in 2014.)
M2M Spectrum Networks LLC has said that it plans to create a purpose-built network across the US for machine-to-machine communications. “We will cover the top 200 cities in the US before year-end and have secured two pilot customers we are conducting trials with in the second quarter of this year,” Doreen Trant, senior vice president of network implementation.
It looks like Google is the latest tech giant entering the game of drones.
The Web giant on Monday confirmed it has agreed to purchase drone maker Titan Aerospace for an undisclosed sum. Financial terms of the deal were not disclosed.
“Titan Aerospace and Google share a profound optimism about the potential for technology to improve the world,” a Google spokesperson said in a statement to pcmag.com. “It’s still early days, but atmospheric satellites could help bring internet access to millions of people, and help solve ther problems, including disaster relief and environmental damage like deforestation. It’s why we’re so excited to welcome Titan Aerospace to the Google family.”